Wednesday, December 28, 2011

Cravings, a number of separate causes

In an exchange between http://itsthewooo.blogspot.com/ and myself, it is apparent to me, once again, that there are numerous causes of cravings, some physical as insulin induced food partitioning, mineral and vitamin deficiencies, and mental induced cravings, from abundance of hypepalatable food, susceptible to advertising, and temptation, life with compulsive over feeders. Some people do not accept that other cause even exist.

Each separate type of craving requires a different approach. The physical are easy to deal with: a good vegetable and animal diet, a bit of fish, perhaps a few supplements. The mental cause are not so easy: especially our life is adjacent to food, or involves other people who happen to practicing overeaters, disordered eater, or other foodies. Add other issues and...

Those of us with low impulse control need to control our environment more to avoid the cravings, because without avoiding the cravings we will eat. Avoiding the food is also necessary. Where we are not in a supportive situation, this is not easy. Xmas shit make it even worse.

Controlling our environment will mean life changes, habit changes. Very little TV, no prepared food available, and at the same time, allowing the wife complete freedom. Not possible. Something must go. Reminds me of a song. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=4CddnsHSlMw&feature=related

Friday, December 23, 2011

How Does one Philosophy Replace a Earlier one?

How Does one Philosophy Replace a earlier one?

With this being the Yule season, lets look at the Christmas concept to see how theologys have replaced earlier ones. First was the yule, shortest day, change of season, equinox tribal culture feasts, perhaps gathering of the clan, likely a feast, traditional equivalent to a pot luck, or eat what you got type celebration before the winter. Christians came along 2000 years ago and hijacked that with a rebirth of the new year/birth of their god. Churches added domination, control by fear, Hell concepts, (damnation, purgatory ), profiteering. It evolved, the Germans added a tree, Norse add rain deer, the English added gifting, and the modern era has taken it to excess in every way possible. This morning, on the radio, there was a charity beg-a-thon. Oh well, shit happens. ( it used to be--- so we stopped for a beer.)

It is not replacement as much as displacement and augmentation. Philosophy work the same way, often light sneaky pressure, availability, a better idea, a new idea, a meme here and there. Displacement, augmentation, never completely replacing, but often improving. It is the old tribal cultures that try to force their philosophy on the young and others. Logical will sell, and be picked up because it is better, more true, or superior in some way. Even Buddha alluded to this, in his "do not take because the elders, teachers or other say, but test it, and if it is right, adopt and live up to it" speech.

With food we need to reject outright some new stuff: sugars, fertilized grains, manufactured eatable products, perhaps some imported/transported fruits, and keep control on volume some way.

When we sit back and look, we are not the same as we were, in our youth or earlier. We are in a constant stat of flux, impermanence. One more for Buddha.

Atkins diet, or Maffetone Two week test is a sudden change in our lives, but I drift after that toward lower carbohydrate, real food. Sugar is more or less gone, grains, more of less gone, manufactured eatable products, more or less gone. I now eat real foods, without much preparations. (except for sausages). I like to think of it as something I could make, and generally have at least once in the past. I still have a weight problem, but it is much smaller, but not a nutrition problem. We have tested the status quo, and found it lacking. Some of us have adopted some portion of diet changes.

I still have a life problem; I just do not want to do anything. I feel like the way I see others acting... ( you know who they are) : no motivation, no desire to do much, no enthusiasm... but it is politically incorrect to name them. I need a energy transplant, a motivational transplant, something.

Monday, December 19, 2011

Breakfast

What should breakfast be?

I lost weight with a breakfast of 2 eggs, some kind of greens or flax in those eggs, perhaps bacon, but more often potatoes, fried in animal fat. Occasionally a can of salmon or tuna, or burger paddy.

Jack Krause (leptin reset) recommends 50 to 75 grams of protein. That is too much, because I am hungry after too soon. I do agree protein, but the fat fried potatoes, still hard, kill hunger for a long time, and do not raise my BG very much. Oh, well, one more Doctors recommendation tested and proven unsatisfactory for me. Sharma recommends frequent meals, but that does not let leptin reset, if it is a leptin problem. Back to potatoes and eggs with vegetables.

Anything that raises BG is out, so is fruit. Fruit tastes just fine, but does not have the hunger holding off power needed. Such is life. Buddha said something like if we find something that works, stick to it. I think I will.

The leptin diet rules http://www.wellnessresources.com/leptindiet:
1. Never eat after dinner. Finish eating dinner at least three hours before bed.  
2. Eat three meals a day. Allow 5-6 hours between meals. Do not snack!  
3. Do not eat large meals. Finish a meal when you are slightly less than full.  
4. Eat a high protein breakfast.  
5. Reduce the amount of carbs eaten.  




It appears that leptin satiation is more the absence of hunger than the insulin satiation, enough feeling. It is the absence of hunger that I need to have, not the insulin satiation. One more to live up to.

Friday, December 16, 2011

Leptin Kick

This fellow has the idea of a Leptin Kick

http://cravingsugar.net/beware-leptin-kick-obesity-diet-hormone-levels-weight-loss.php

Lustic claims insulin is blocking the signaling.

http://www.dietdoctor.com/beyond-gluttony-and-sloth

The only thing is that the effect is real. It takes very little food to set of the effect, whether it is the leptin kick or a rise in insulin, blocking leptin signaling. Hunger and cravings follow. To avoid the meals need to be small, all of the time.

Sharma has started to look at carb control through the days at http://www.drsharma.ca/obesity-save-your-carbs-for-dinner.html

My comment: Why stop at just low carbohydrate through the day? We humans need very few carbohydrates, adequate protein, and a bit of Omega 3 fats. The remainder of required energy can be made up of carbohydrates or fats. We are going to get enough O6 regardless of what we eat. Lots of vegetables to provide minerals and vitamins, and fat works. Without large insulin production, hunger is not as much of an issue.

Thursday, December 15, 2011

Social Engineering

social engineering
n
(Sociology) the manipulation of the social position and function of individuals in order to manage change in a society

assumption -- "Belief systems exert a greater control on human behavior than laws imposed by government, no matter what form the beliefs take".


Social Engineering is the concept of planned events to bring about a change in the social fabric of society. For example, suppose the government wanted to fatten society up, what would they do? Make food ever available, economical (heavily subsidized), hyper-palatable, high in carbohydrates, addicting, heavily advertised, and socially encouraged to eat any time we could. Grain (starches, iodine will blacken) fits the bill best, with a little help from sugar and omega 6 low cost fats. Is this a conspiracy? Well, do you thing the government is that organized?

Now perhaps the escape from the obesity epidemic will be social engineered? I do not think so. It would mean the end of Big AG and big Pharma. Not likely from a government initiative. There is insufficient political will. The knowledge is readily available within the low carbohydrate net community. The government and much of the medical community is not supporting such a movement, for low carb would mean a end of big AG, big Pharma, big medicine, and erosion of the income of those peoples.

The world has only perhaps seven day of fresh food ahead, but the process system is quite good and keeps us, in North America, at about this level. Grain is another matter. At this time of the year, we have well over one year's supply, perhaps closer to two years supply. If we were to cut animal feed to a minimum, perhaps three years. It makes scene from a supply of fuel point of view to maximize grain production, and not worry about vegetables and meats as much. We humans want our meats, so we keep the system sort of running; however, in some areas, we are not doing so well. Just a few years ago, on the way into town, I would drive by perhaps a thousand head of beef on the hoof. Now, I cannot see a single one. Mad Cow, and the pricing has destroyed the viability of beef here. No dairy anymore either. All gone elsewhere. A few horse as pets, a bit of GM grains, and a bit of hay because its's there. As the demand for food occurs, the agriculture industry will respond. The demand change will not be quick. We will have time to adapt.

Social engineering has two components, education, learning, training, a cerebral portion,  and the application, or the action portion. To beat the overeating issue, obesity issue, whatever we call it, the cerebral portion must come first for lasting success. Following a prescriptive diet will work as long as we can stay on it, but without the logic and social pressure to stay on it, success will not last. That is where education, learning, about food and why we should eat in a particular way is so critical to lasting recovery. Social change will follow.

We can break the cerebral portion into dissatisfaction with the present condition, desire for change, some less than useful learning directions, surplus information, wrong information, misdirection, before we find and get a fix on the proper channel. Once we get it, we need to grow that knowledge outwards from us, because it will not have official government support. It may even have government resistance.

The main thing such a movement would need is a clear purpose beyond recovery of ourselves. Create a sustainable food movement, where all aspects of human healthy diet are logically considered as well as propagation of that knowledge to others could be a lofty enough of purpose. Good human health, with food as medicine. Social reform into a healthy society. Understanding of Social Engineering. Understanding the workings of a healthy mind. Understanding humanity. Separating tribal customs/religions/ from reality. All of the above. None of the above. I do not know. 

Life Between Meals

Weight loss is as much about life between meals as it is the consumption of real food. We need activity that we enjoy. Work that is drudgery drags me down so bad that I look for any excuse to do something else, even eat or more precisely, it become difficult to avoid eating. But the drudgery need to be done. Self-employment has it's down sides. What are the choices, pay heavily for the drudgery or do it? I can make more money doing the drudgery than the work I like, so do it I must. Oh well, shit happens.

Perhaps I can move it up my priority list, and thereby getting small doses at a time, but frequent doses.

Priority lists are a great concept for sorting out what is important. What is more important; a bit of money or a ugly project? What more important; a bit of money or a client who wants to control what I approve or a design parameter that they know nothing about?

Decisions become easy when we are not desperate for cash.

There are so many people studding obesity, and so few studding the recovery, and what makes the mind and body make that turn to normal weight, normal eating, and what that really is. It is that turn to "normal eating" that is so difficult. Maintenance of  near normal weight is maintaining the thought process that allowed recovery long term. It is appetite management, avoiding cravings and hunger, avoiding addiction, compulsions, and enjoying life as well. Not easy for an obsessive compulsive. I need something healthy to obsess over, that is not tiring. Oh well, it might happen.

I do not enjoy writing nor do It well enough for it to become an obsession. Time to get back to work.

Saturday, December 10, 2011

The reason diet fail

There are a number reasons that diets fail in my case. Hunger, cravings, temptations, social pressure, bad information and excessive appetite.

The time to hunger, the period of time between food and hunger, is influenced by the rate of emptying of the stomach among other things. Carbohydrates are absorbed first at a rate of about 12 grams/ minute, proteins at 4, and fats at 2. There is also delays with protein and fats getting to a suitable section of intestine. Ease of digestion also impacts. Cooking and pulverization make a big difference. Consider 120 grams (~100 calories) of a mashed potato without fats verse a saturated animal fat pan fried potato, still solid. The first has a GI of 75 and the second perhaps 20. Also with the first I would be hungry in less that 1 hour, while the second perhaps 6 hours. Perhaps 150 calories of saturated fat. big difference. 100 cal/hr vs 43 cal/hr. Eat some saturated animal fat, some omega 3 fat at every meal. Saturated fats are not equal.

Cravings seem to be caused by high insulin and dropping blood sugar, likely keep fat from coming out of the fat cells. When I eat carbs, this happens. The only way to avoid his is to avoid carbohydrates. Omega 6 oils encourage excess insulin/insulin resistance/insulin effects, and make it much worse. Avoid.

Wheat, sugar, hype-tasty foods all stimulate appetite. Avoid.  Social pressure and bad information is something that should be avoided, or instantly released as the words of an idiot, empty prattle, or other similar concept. Sorting good information and bad is an issue.

The obesity issue is not a single problem but a long list of factors, all of which must be identified, addressed and corrected for long term recovery. Some have one or another of the problems, some have multiple problems. There are too many people insisting that others are wrong, just because they do not have that specific issue.

I  will not, any longer, comment on the sites beyond leaving an note saying I disagree, and my comments are on my site. Bate them.

Reasons to not eat wheat http://www.wheatbellyblog.com/2011/12/wheatlessness-and-the-new-normal/



    

Friday, December 9, 2011

Pick on Sharma

Sharma at http://www.drsharma.ca/obesity-can-ngos-take-money-from-industry.html site points out the problem weakly, not clearly. I thought about posting a comment, but after the last exchange with one of his/the party line disciples, I decided not to lead with my chin.

The food industry (big agriculture, big AG) pushes sugar in all forms, which we know consumption of is the cause of diabetes/metabolic syndrome, and the pharmaceutical industry (big Pharma) pushes drugs. Both generate "grate" profits. (yes it bugs me).  Researchers study the whole thing, funded by both, and will never find an answer, for when they do, they will be unemployed.

We all know there are two method of treating diabetes/metabolic syndrome, eat sugars and cover it with drugs, or quit eating sugars, and some will need treatment, but much less. It is their individual choice.

To avoid sugar, eat labor intensive organic vegetables and grass fed meat, wild fish, with natural animal fat and some natural plant fats. This is what humans ate before 1900, or WWII. The big AG and big Pharma cannot make money of that; it is also difficult to collect taxes off. There are also too many people to feed, but we richer/growers can survive. The remainder will get sicker and sicker, until evolution changes man to something that can live off sugar. Those who's lines who cannot adapt will simply die off, or live as described.

There is little government support for such a diet/lifestyle, likely due to lack of taxing ability/revenue on home grown. Big AG and big Pharma are not going to get behind such a movement. So the medical/nutrition/metabolic profession has a choice, stay free of big AG and big Pharma or be seen as part of the money cycle of big AG and Pharma. The choice is yours. Live sick or live well.

As an old AA said, "yha can't win a pissing contest with a skunk".

Wednesday, December 7, 2011

shortage of knowledge

A few day ago, as a comment, on Sharma's Blog I stated:


On low carb diet, the management of BG and insulin resistance is done mostly from the low end by the liver, so the problems becomes much smaller. Obesity is the result of insulin resistance. To beat obesity, we must manage insulin resistance.
Biochemical hunger, biochemical cravings and appetite control are all much easier to deal with from a good low carbohydrate diet, as are weight issues. Here is a video that describes a good low carbohydrate diet for other reasons:
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=KLjgBLwH3Wc
Later some one claimed to not be insulin resistant, and that insulin resistance is not the problem. So I responded:


Not Insulin resistant, EH. By what measurement? To gain weight, part of you is insulin resistant.
Insulin in the portal vein is 2 to ten time higher concentration than circulating. In order for the majority of insulin and glucose to get past the liver, the liver becomes insulin resistant. First pass effect. Once glucose starts circulating, the muscles suck up most, (also a first pass effect) until they are getting near full, and then each cell becomes insulin resistant, as the method of stopping over feeding. The fat cells are still taking in glucose and fat. The insulin resistance test is looking at whether the fat cells are insulin resistant. Once those at cells become insulin resistant, we are on our way to excess glucose, and all those related problem. Insulin resistance starts in the liver, and then muscle cells, before the fat. Look it up in biochemical references. By the time the test says “insulin resistant” we are well in weight gain, and likely dealing with obesity issues.
To really beat the weight problem, we must eat to deal with insulin resistance at the liver, and maintain insulin sensitivities at the muscle cells level.
Good diet is a learned, both information and behavior. The problem comes when we have biochemical, social, emotional cravings of hungers, or food clue hyperpalatability appetite stimulus issues that get us started into overeating/addiction or addiction like behaviors, which we then must overcome along with the other listed.
It is not a single problem, but a whole group that must be overcome in one massive strike, with lots of external resistance and wrong information from all sides.
The only way to develop a suitable diet is with real information about the food and what it does to our body. We need very little carbohydrate, adequate protein, and some essential fats. The remainder can come from either fat or carbohydrates. The downside of carbohydrates is high insulin, insulin resistance, and appetite stimulation. As a ex-obese person, I do not need appetite stimulation.

We also need income, exercise, activities, enjoyment, education, philosophy, social life, and a bunch of other things.

Weight is a surrogate measurement for health. The weight of it's self is not critical, but it is a measurement of how things are going. Weight change is critical, as are vital signs.

Take humans, with a continuous supply of hyper palatable foods, add appetite stimulating foods, hunger stimulating foods, good marketing and political support for the marketing of food and you have obesity everywhere, our current situation.

Tuesday, December 6, 2011

Evolution of Man

Mankind is evolving. In a post a few days ago, there was a quote from Lenoir et al. 2007.

In most mammals, including rats and humans, sweet receptors evolved in ancestral environments poor in sugars and are thus not adapted to high concentrations of sweet tastants. The supranormal stimulation of these receptors by sugar-rich diets, such as those now widely available in modern societies, would generate a supranormal reward signal in the brain, with the potential to override self-control mechanisms and thus to lead to addiction.

Sugar is in the process of killing off those who are not adapting to our new sugar rich and starch rich environment. We can choose to go along with nature and get sick, hopefully be kept alive by medicine, or eat the way nature intended us to. This video shows a good low carb diet for other reasons. Perhaps 2 cups of each is reasonable for normal person. Iodine is not optional.
http://www.youtube.com/watch?feature=player_embedded&v=KLjgBLwH3Wc

Monday, December 5, 2011

Social Pressure

Sharma says:
At this moment I am sitting in a session on obesity in ethnic populations listening to talks on why, for e.g., the very concept of weight loss goes against many traditional cultures and indeed, losing weight or being skinny is neither socially desirable nor a sign of good health.
Emotional, social pressure is not just in "ethnic" population. I was raised in such an environment, but of course that was a "ethnic" home. What home is not "ethnic"?

It was likely less hassle for my parent to overfeed me, than anything else. It was all about get through life, getting through this summer, getting through winter, more than living in the present. Weight control was not an issue of interest to them. That was life. Today the Canadian government does not support low carb life style in there food guide, nor does Sharma. How can I believe they are serious about having a healthy population? 

Does the belief system of my youth, that I am attempting to revisit, and root out all the non-rational beliefs, effect or control my attitude to weight management? So perhaps I still retain some wrong beliefs that are causing me problem in today's society. More reason to abandon anything that is not based on logic. Ban all religion from my life. Christmas be gone. It is one more pagan/religious occasion where the compulsive over feeders and competitive cookers of the world shine. I will just have steak, thank you.

Saturday, December 3, 2011

About

From a paper quoted at http://wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2011/12/new-review-papers-on-food-reward.html


There is now evidence that comparable dopaminergic responses are linked with food reward and that these mechanisms are also likely to play a role in excessive food consumption and obesity. It is well known that certain foods, particularly those rich in sugars and fat, are potently rewarding (Lenoir et al. 2007). High-calorie foods can promote over-eating (eating that is uncoupled from energetic needs) and trigger learned associations between the stimulus and the reward (conditioning). In evolutionary terms, this property of palatable foods used to be advantageous in environments where food sources were scarce and/or unreliable, because it ensured that food was eaten when available, enabling energy to be stored in the body (as fat) for future use. Unfortunately, in societies like ours, where food is plentiful and constantly available, this adaptation has become a liability.

 particularly those rich in sugars and fat, are potently rewarding (Lenoir et al. 2007) ...... but Lenoir et al. 2007... is... Intense Sweetness Surpasses Cocaine Reward. Nothing about fat. His conclusion:

Our findings clearly demonstrate that intense sweetness can surpass cocaine reward, even in drug-sensitized and -addicted individuals. We speculate that the addictive potential of intense sweetness results from an inborn hypersensitivity to sweet tastants. In most mammals, including rats and humans, sweet receptors evolved in ancestral environments poor in sugars and are thus not adapted to high concentrations of sweet tastants. The supranormal stimulation of these receptors by sugar-rich diets, such as those now widely available in modern societies, would generate a supranormal reward signal in the brain, with the potential to override self-control mechanisms and thus to lead to addiction.

Saturday, November 26, 2011

Fructose

from http://carbtripper.blogspot.com/2011/11/wiki-quickie-on-fructose.html

Metabolic syndrome

Excess fructose consumption has been hypothesized to be a cause of insulin resistanceobesity, elevated LDL cholesterol and triglycerides, leading to metabolic syndrome. Fructose consumption has been shown to be correlated with obesity, especially central obesity which is thought to be the most dangerous kind of obesity. A study in mice showed that a high fructose intake increases adiposity.
Although all simple sugars have nearly identical chemical formulae, each has distinct chemical properties. 
One study concluded that fructose "produced significantly higher fasting plasma triacylglycerol values than did the glucose diet in men..."
Fructose is a reducing sugar, as are all monosaccharides. The spontaneous chemical reaction of simple sugar molecules binding to proteins, known as glycation, is thought to be a significant cause of damage in diabetics. Fructose appears to be equivalent to glucose in this regard and so does not seem to be a better answer for diabetes for this reason alone, save for the smaller quantities required to achieve equivalent sweetness in some foods. This may be an important contribution to senescence (aging) and many age-related chronic diseases.

Liver disease

"The medical profession thinks fructose is better for diabetics than sugar," says Meira Field, PhD, a research chemist at United States Department of Agriculture"but every cell in the body can metabolize glucose. However, all fructose must be metabolized in the liver. The livers of the rats on the high fructose diet looked like the livers of alcoholics, plugged with fat and cirrhotic." Fructose is almost entirely metabolized in the liver.
Excessive fructose consumption is also believed to contribute to the development of non-alcoholic fatty liver disease.

[edit]
Gout

It has been suggested in a recent British Medical Journal study that high consumption of fructose is linked to gout. Cases of gout have risen in recent years, despite commonly being thought of as a Victorian disease, and it is suspected that the fructose found in soft drinks (e.g., carbonated beverages) and other sweetened drinks is the reason for this.
In order for the liver to process fructose, it must be phosphorylated by removal of phosphates from adenosine triphosphate (ATP). The ATP gets converted toadenosine monophosphate (AMP), then to inositol monophosphate (IMP), and finally to uric acid, the agent in gout.

Got that? Fructose, bad, for weight loss. What is not pointed out that fructose is metabolized in the liver to it's storage form, fat, visceral fat. Visceral fat comes out of storage about 1.3 to 1.5 time faster than sub-epidermal fat, gram for gram.  That may also be the reason the last fat is the most difficult to lose. Fat and glucose puts on sub-epidermal.

But if we burn everything we eat each day, it does not matter so much. The objective of diet should be to never overflow the liver's storage. This is great in theory, but we still need to be able to do that. Therein lies the cravings that drive me to the food. Those are the part that I must address.

Thursday, November 24, 2011

Insulin

From Taubes  at http://garytaubes.com/2011/11/catching-up-on-lost-time-%E2%80%93-the-ancestral-health-symposium-food-reward-palatability-insulin-signaling-and-carbohydrates%E2%80%A6-part-iid/

 " This cephalic release of insulin also serves to clear the circulation of “essentially anything an animal or a person can use for fuel. Not just blood sugar, but fatty acids, as well. All those nutrients just go away.” Hence, the thought of eating makes us hungry, because the insulin secreted in response depletes the bloodstream of the fuel that the peripheral tissues and organs need to survive."

In general my idea is we need both palatable available food, reward if you like, and insulin resistance, insulin to gain weight.

When I was a young man, I worked in exploration and construction camps many winters. Most people would come in and gain 10 to 20 pounds and then get bored with the good food available. A few of us would be up 50 pounds by spring, when the job ended. When it was our nickle buying the food, it was less plentiful, and we lost weight.

To lose, the only way is to cut both hyper-palatable available food and insulin generating food.

Incomplete picture



at http://itsthewooo.blogspot.com/2011/11/response-to-does-high-circulating.html she references/states


First thing you need, is access to ad lib calories. Obesity cannot occur during food restriction. Second thing you need, is the genetic potential for your fat cells to rapidly, and powerfully, respond to insulin with fat gain. Third thing you will need is excessive insulin production.

I think this is an incomplete statement. We also require a desire to eat. We may have a bit of influence over that. That is where reward/addiction/appetite stimulation/habit/social pressure/life pressures/emotional stress/stress any source/ etc really play a role.

On another post she said:
A far better, more illuminating clinical example of the pure biological actions of insulin would be an otherwise normal subject who happens to unfortunately develop a pancreatic neoplasm, with constant on switch of insulin. And as we can see, these individuals OFTEN become fat, sometimes extraordinarily fat, and they also interestingly enough develop resistance to the actions of insulin. When the disorder starts, they are chronically hypoglycemic, but it is not unheard of for them to progress into total resistance to insulin and diabetes. Sounds like a lot of fat people I know.

Now that sounds like me, always hungry.

Monday, November 21, 2011

Comments to others

Don:
So now have insulin resistance causes obesity, insulin resistance is caused by overeating. Then once we become insulin resistance, aka overfed, we have a physical desire to maintain that overfed state as long as food is pleasureful and available. OK. More ELMM advise comming?


There are so many things that do not apply to a “damaged metabolism” here.

A day of "overeating" will start insulin resistance. Once insulin resistance is started, our appetite expands to keep the insulin resistance there. Probably the thrift gene type effect.  Now we are on a cycle of weight gain, insulin resistance, increased appetite, overeating.

Insulin resistance is the body's way of distributing energy, first overflowing the liver's storage capacity, then muscles, and into fat. When fat cannot handle it, you got a major problem. 

Consuming an ample supply of palatable food is sufficient to start insulin resistance, and unless we make a conscious effort to cut the next day, we will be into increased appetite. Then there all those other things we eat over, social pressure, anxiety, boredom. Once we start, our appetite increases. 

Insulin and insulin resistance is just the body's way of dealing with the process. It is our nature to eat /overeat when food is available. With full time processed food, and no great need for energy expenditure,  what we can expect:  our nature, to do what it does. 

On your graph, to simply see the effect of overeating, shift your zero axis downward or tilt to the right to see the accumulative effect of overeating, which must occur for weight gain.    

To remain non-obese, we must avoid eating processed food, and overeating which is against our vary nature. We must overcome our food seeking nature.

And to GT, one off the wall idea. I suspect that the reason that many of us have greater weight accumulation in the lower body is due to laminar blood flow directing slightly greater concentration of insulin and nutrients to the lower portion of the body and the first pass effect. Or perhaps it is our lower body gets a greater volume of nutrition per unit of mass than the remainder.

I accept that these people do not read my blog, but I have said my piece. 

Also in order to beat the glucose challenge, we must train our bodies to up-regulate.  Is the glucose bolus a fit way to test for dietetics in a low-carber?  A1c  Ok, but after a potato with supper, after a week of VLC, my AM glucose is in diabetic range.

And what do I know? 

Friday, November 18, 2011

Advise of an obesity expert

An obesity expert stated

"Indeed, such a policy discussion would likely need to be prefaced by a fundamental societal discourse on what we value as individuals and as social beings - everything from how we make and spend our money, raise our kids, build and nurture relationships, and find spiritual meaning, purpose and balance in our lives would likely have to be ‘open game’ for discussion."

Are we ready. Most obese persons looking for recovery do not hesitate at such things. There is a obesity related disorganization that has been doing this for fifty years, with some success. Is the establishment ready to understand the problem and accept the solution? No processed foods.


We know that obesity is driven by insulin resistance, insulin resistance is driven by too much food, both carbohydrates and fats, but what drives overeating, the cravings, and what drives them? No clear answers. Food cues, or a natural process of greed, desire for more, or internal starvation as we go from excess insulin to fasting level of insulin, when fats can be released from storage? We simple need to suffer through this stage of life. There is no other solution, but a days fasting will do the trick.

Thursday, November 17, 2011

Saturday, November 12, 2011

Treat Insulin Resistance

I am beginning to think that weight loss diets should be designed to treat insulin resistance, not reduction in calories, which will likely result. Small meals, protein and fats, none or small amounts of added fats, and no more that 100 calories of unprocessed carbohydrate. Do not eat again until we are getting hungry. Check AM BG level, and when it gets to be stable at 4.7 (85) we should be allowing our livers to control our blood sugar from the low end. This should avoid cravings.

It is also my opinion that IR is the actuate condition, that if not treated with diet becomes obesity, diabetes, metabolic syndrome, etc.

Friday, November 11, 2011

Insulin Resistance

Stephan Guyenet at http://wholehealthsource.blogspot.com/2011/11/what-causes-insulin-resistance-part-i.html is doing a series on Insulin resistance.

I hope along the way he says something to confirm my opinions. Insulin is the energy regulation hormone, as well as the glucose gatekeeper. It also hogs Leptin receptors causing leptin signal blocking aka leptin resistance.

It appears to me that once we have two of three carbohydrate meals in a row, or a feast, our liver and muscles are filled with glycogen, and we become insulin resistant enough to push everything into the fat cells. The liver is the first to fill, due to the first pass effect, and it becomes insulin resistant, pushing more of the insulin and nutrients through the liver to the blood flow. Insulin resistance is a continuum, not a sudden onset issue. It occurs cell by cell, at a cellular level of decision making. It protects the cell from overfeeding.

As I understand it, the liver uses 50% to 90% of the insulin. The portal vein has insulin concentrations 2 to 10 times higher than the circulation. When the liver is full, it becomes insulin resistant, it must allow more insulin to pass, along with glucose and fats. Insulin controls glycogenesis and glyconeogenesis in the liver. As the concentration of insulin goes up these shut off, first glyconeogenesis where glycogen is made from odd amino acids, followed by the production of glycose from glycogen. Once the insulin is passing the liver faster, the body gets fed.

It appears to me that cravings are the result of cellular hunger during the insulin depletion stage of intermittent insulin resistance. That is the hell that I go through in the first days of any diet. It is my intention to never again overflow my liver by eating small meals, and low carbohydrate, until I get down to the point that my waste/hip ration is less that 1.0, perhaps 0.95. That is a good reason to not eat out if possible.

A comment like "I do not want to take a chance of inducing insulin resistance again and have to go through 5 days of the agony of  recovering from insulin resistance again." Take that ye old food pusher. 

Thursday, November 10, 2011

Default Behavior

Eating and drinking have become default behaviors to many of us. We do them before anything else, any time we have time not accounted for or assigned to other activities.

Eating need to become just a necessary body function, to intake energy.

Insulin Resistance is a regular occurring condition anytime we overflow the liver and muscle cells with energy. That is we are insulin resistant, --- aka  --- insulin rising, as is blood sugar, in order to store glucose and/or fat in fat cells. This implies that we become insulin resistant after a feast, after any larger meal. The energy is sent beyond the liver. When we are insulin resistant, there is a lag time between insulin going down, allowing the release of fat and glycogenesis and the start of actual release.  This lag time may be the internal starvation, shortage of energy at the cellular level, window of cravings, something like turbo lag.

This suggest that small meals may be the way to avoid internal starvation cravings, by staying below the insulin resistance threshold, that is never overflowing the liver, and allow the liver to dole out the energy as it sees fit.

When we are insulin resistant, out body want to stay that way, possible due to a survival advantage of eating while there is food available. The trick is to fast or fat feed down to low insulin, and then stay there with small meals, to stay insulin neutral, and below the craving threshold, and above the hunger threshold. Four meals is sometimes required.

Tuesday, November 8, 2011

Causes of Insulin Resistance

A clear understanding of the factors that led to insulin resistance (IR) may be required to avoid it.  Overeating leds to IR, which leds to difficulty burning fat which leds to hunger which leds to overeating. IR is the first step in the cycle.

First, muscle and hepatic insulin resistance(IR) do not necessary happen together. Fat cells becoming insulin resistant is diabetes, more or less. But insulin resistance is the first step in putting fat on, at any time. The liver is full, muscle cells are full, it is time to store fat.

  • Glucose in excess is the first cause of insulin resistance.
  • Fructose causes insulin resistance
  • Overeating of any kind - excess sugar will be turned into triglycerides and cholesterol. 
  • Peat Ray says PUFA above a few grams cause IR
  • Adrenaline - flight or fight response causes non-essential IR
  • Branch chained amino acids (Cross linked), soy protein, corn fed beef, animals fed oils to fatten them- pigs, chickens
  • Trans-fats, Omega 6 partly hydrogenated and others
  • Omega 6 oils in excess, beware deep fryer, and oxygendised oils 
  • a bunch of other odd proteins
  • caffeine

Insulin other effects
  • Insulin stops the use of fat as an energy source by inhibiting the release of glucagon.
  • Anytime your cell is exposed to insulin, it is going to become more insulin resistant.
  • When you are insulin resistant you will have trouble burning fat
  • and excess sugar will be turned into triglycerides and cholesterol.
  • Insulin is the fat storage hormone. it locks fat into fat cells. 

Monday, November 7, 2011

Daily Intake

The daily intake of any vitamin or mineral is a continuum between none and a poisonous amount. The typical government recommended dose are often in the sub-clinical deficiency zone.  That should not be.

There is a second issue, that our individual dose varies with our size, how well we absorb the ingredient, and how much we individually need, and our storage of the constituent.  Most of us are short of magnesium, zinc, vitamin D, and iodine.


 Consider vitamin D, where the government recommended daily dose is 400 UI and to maintain a suitable serum level, many of us require 6000 UI per day. Now consider the sub-clinical effects, bone loss. Now, whatch ya going ta do? 

Consider Iodine, to much causes loss of appetite. Sub-clinical deficiency causes cravings, which led to overeating. In Canada, we have to go to health food stores to get iodine, to rub on a patch of skin, to allow it to be absorbed through the skin or over consume salt. That is one of the contributing factors to obesity. Iodine drives appetite. 

Consider all the industrial foods that are produced under government control and we need supplements. Turns out that much of the industrial food of the 20 and 21 Century is and will be vitamin and mineral deficient, more suited to storing and shipping than consuming. It is time to abandon all industrial food and look out for our own health. It is time to stand up for individual food producers, organic producers. The only foods fit to eat have not been processed much. 

I am getting militant? Is it time to join the occupy movement or the middle figure movement?      


Is it time to take personal responsibility for our health? Is it time to learn nutrition or to hire that service?
  

Sunday, November 6, 2011

Lack of Satiety Signal

In both the Lustig via Dietdoctor and Kessler, the missing satiety signal is noted. Lustig says 18% have insulin resistance due to some defect, and that screws the satiety signal. When I was a kid, before extremely heavy widespread sugar consumption, there was about 20% heavy in my class at school, and I was by far the fattest. I was never full, aka no satiety signal.

For those who say insulin is part of the satiety signal, it is when it is low. But if it is high, locked on high, what is the satiety signal? So then I have no choice but to use diet to lower my insulin, low slow carbohydrates, no omega 6 oils, trans-fats, no corn fed beef, and exercise.

The missing Satiety signal is likely the key to weight loss and weight gain. Eat just enough to not get excessively hungry. No missing meals. Metered meals. There is no choice.

We cannot depend on our bodies to tell us when we have had enough. It will not do this for those of us who have no satiety signaling. Satiety is just a concept. We need to live with 100% of our meals metered, in some form, and yet be able to stop eating at that point. Record keeping, weighting of foods, preparation methods, and the like are the key for now. e need to eat enough that we can stop, and not so much that we gain weight. This is tight food control, much like Dr. Bernstein recommends for diabetics. The carbohydrates may also be one of the main keys, to keep insulin low.

Saturday, November 5, 2011

Videos worth watching

Videos worth watching found here
http://www.dietdoctor.com/beyond-gluttony-and-sloth

http://weightmaven.org/2011/11/03/point-counterpoint/
Lustig is good, the other less so but some good information.

Get rid of fructose http://www.wheatbellyblog.com/2011/11/goodbye-fructose/





David Kessler, is his book The End of Overeating, makes the observation the 50% of obese, 30% of overweight and 15% of thin people share 3 characteristics, in a condition which he calls conditioned hypereating. These characteristics are loss of control of appetite (eat until it is gone) in face of highly palatable foods, lack of satiation during eating (no full indicator), and preoccupation with thinking about food, eating, getting, and the like (looking for more). Sound familiar?

He offers little as a solution, other than to follow an eating plan rigidly. I do not know about you, but if I could do that, I would not have the problem.

He has a bunch of statements in his presentation that I do not agree with that represent common beliefs of the public which others have debunked.

A video summarizing his book can be found at http://www.youtube.com/user/weightmaven#p/a/B87C02F016ECE119/0/A7M_mqXzpr8  

Friday, November 4, 2011

peptides

Clippings of papers


study/analysis that found that the pepsin hydrosylated of wheat gluten and casein contain peptides with opioid activity. 


a chart or drawing illustrates the substances that affect energy intake and expenditure, and opioids are included in that drawing (they could be endogenous or exogenous). 


Digestive enzymes break down proteins into these long chains of amino acids. Incomplete digestion of protein leaves short chains of amino acids referred to as peptides. 

some peptides can pass from the intestines into the blood stream where they may set up an immune reaction because they are considered foreign substances.

dairy products and grain have been associated with adverse reactions not all of which involve allergen-specific immune response as measured by typical diagnostic techniques 

Some of the peptides associated with digestion of dietary proteins (e.g., milk, wheat) are in the opioid family 

Opioids alter behavior because of their ability to bind to endorphin and enkephalin receptors in the brain. Endorphins and enkephalins are endogenous opioid-peptide neurotransmitters found in various parts of the brain and also produced by the pituitary gland. They are involved in the reduction of pain as well as in pleasure and reward

Exorphins, such as opioids generated from digestion, attach to the same receptors as the endogenous opioids and can inhibit the breakdown of endogenous peptides and change the level of endogenous opioids


FT - so wheat and dairy products are potentially addicting... one more paper saying this.

Many Causes of Obesity

It is my opinion that are many causes and/or contributing factors to obesity, not one single. There are many well educated people who are championing only a single cause and declining others. Don at http://donmatesz.blogspot.com/2011/11/fatty-foods-and-sugar-addictive-like.html is one such person.

In my mind there is no doubt that addiction is one of the factors. There is also no doubt that insulin resistance is one of the factors that come into effect when we are overweight, and for sure when we are obese. Different cells become insulin resistant at different times and possibly by different methods. First the muscle cell, then fat cells and them liver cells. But that does not preclude the original drive to eat, aka, appetite to be stimulated by addiction,taste, cravings, add your own list. Once we become insulin resistant, ( full time, seasonally, occasionally) all the other things start, leptin signaling blocking, etc. Then there is hunger and cravings. Such is life.

Some of us obese, ex-obese need to address insulin resistance first, and our addiction, reward, craving causes later or vise - verse. For complete recovery we need to address all the causes. My list can be found on the page, Causes of Overeating.

Note added Nov 5: Others opposed to Dons view:
Videos worth watching found here
http://www.dietdoctor.com/beyond-gluttony-and-sloth

http://weightmaven.org/2011/11/03/point-counterpoint/
Lustig is good, the other less so but some good information.


http://itsthewooo.blogspot.com/2011/11/simple-question.html


Please be advised that this represents my current opinion, and my views have and will change. I am just trying to understand this complex issue and maintain recover from obesity. Maintenance of recovery is proving to be more difficult that actual weight loss. Much is separating theory and reality by n=1 testing.

Thursday, November 3, 2011

Ex-obese & Insulin Resistant.

As an ex-obese & insulin resistant person, it is very easy to have the craving - eat -crave cycle start, and then need to resist strong cravings for three days to get out of the cycle.

One over size meal with perhaps as little as 10 grams of omega 6 oil is all it takes. That is just a bit of salad dressing. Cravings. Willpower. Good orderly direction required. No wonder I went through life obese. It is no wonder about the failure of diets rate.

Omega 6 oils are evil, as are the people who promote them, and there spawn. In the Buddhist tradition, looking at ones livelihood is one of the areas of examination. All employment dealing with poisons are discouraged. That would include Monsanto, farmers of all the omega 6 feed stocks, processors, Mezola, and Rusty Butz. 

Anything that contains Omega 6 oil should probably be given up. Or at least anything that does not have at least 1/2 as much omega 3 as 6. That may be why braised beef is more filling than roasted beef... some of the oils have drained out... mainly omega 6 in partly grain finished beef, like is typical in Alberta.

Insulin resistance occurs at a cell by cell level, as each individual cell becomes full of glucose/glycogen. This is normal. What is not normal is eating starch to the point that all the muscle cells are full, and most (all ?) the fat cells are full. That is what medicine defines as insulin resistance.

Excess fat accumulation appears to be the first step toward diabetes. To much glucose and Omega 6 oils are the sure method of getting there. Sugars and grains provide to much glucose, plain and simple.

Cravings are correlated with the first signs of insulin rise in my case. How about that. Eat less than 50 grams of carbs and no (little) omega 6 and have no cravings. How about that.

Wednesday, November 2, 2011

What causes Cravings

What causes cravings for foods? N=1 test to find what cause my food cravings.

The dieting theory
This theory says we crave the foods we deny ourselves. No. When I am on low carb, eggs&potato & vitamins, fish and mayo, beef & greens, the cravings are gone.

The blood sugar theory
our blood glucose levels are likely to be low, triggering a high-calorie craving. 
No relationship to BG as measured
The memory theory
Our food cravings are often associated with pleasant memories and occasions. My childhood was rough. Not much pleasure.

The wisdom of the body theory
This theory suggests that our body craves what it needs. This may be true for some cravings, but it's difficult to lay too much credibility on this theory if you think your body needs a litre of ice cream. No chancie

The stress/anger/boredom theory
semi-retired, happy, not bored, craving. No.

The chronic stress theory
semi-retired.

Crap. It physical. Seems to relate to fats. If I add fats, burgers instead of beef, bacon, pork instead of beef, the cravings come back. This diet is low reward after a few days, but oh well.

Mineral or vitamin deficiency. Well I take a wide range, and this narrow diet removes the cravings. Not likely.   

Throughout my weight loss, my diet was mainly as above with variations.

Two insulin theory is as good as any explanation.    

Monday, October 31, 2011

Insulins

From my reading, it appears that we humans make two different insulins, one based on Omega 3 and one based on omega 6. The omega 3 based insulin is more efficient at clearing glucose from the blood than omega 6, so if we have mainly omega 6 in out diet, we need more insulin to get the glucose out of the blood. That may explain the general rise in insulin levels. But the other functions of insulin, getting fat into fat cells and keeping it there are not as effected by omega 6 base insulin. So when we get insulin resistant, fat can not get out of the fat cells until insulin gets lower, and our poor mitochondria get hungry, and send out the craving signal.

Another one suggests it is mono 18 and or total amount of fat. The first step in weight loss is to get Omega 6 and all manufactured food products our of our diet. That includes transfats, oxidized fats, glyconated fats, and hydrogenated fats. 

This implies that not only do we need to keep carbohydrate down, we need to keep omega 3 up to produce strong insulin, so that the insulin level can be low enough to release fat. Or perhaps it should be total fat that we need to keep down. What we need is insulin meters like glucose meter.

Something is not right in the literature. There is a relationship between cravings and fats, but what that relationship is is not clear. We have a three component equation, fat, carbohydrate and protein. This is a surface, not a line. In addition, the surface changes over time and exercise. It also depends it we are weight stable, losing, or gaining. It appears to me that weight stable is a knife edge we just need to keep crossing.

But what do I know? Reverse Engineering a diet is no easy task.

Sunday, October 30, 2011

Insulin

Julianne at http://paleozonenutrition.wordpress.com/2011/10/30/nz-scientists-call-doctors-to-do-routine-omega-3-tests/  on a study calling for omega 3 testing. One quote is:

Their studies had shown omega-3 made insulin more effective and therefore improved carbohydrate and fat metabolism. That means people taking the right amount of omega-3 for their body could be less prone to developing type 2 diabetes, heart disease, or both. 


Does this imply that insulin does not have a uniform structure and is made from omega 3 or omega 6, but the stuff from omega 3 works better. Is this the "cause of obesity", more omega 6 based insulin required, aka, insulin resistance, and you know the rest of the story?

Just one more piece likely. The difficulty in maintaining a weight loss is more social- ever present food, and ever present hunger/cravings. The cravings are the worst, and nobody has a solution. Many will not even acknowledge there existence. Tobacco and alcohol cravings leave, but not food cravings. They may go for a day or two, but then these return, with a vengeance. It is the cravings that create the problem. Perhaps I must go live as a hermit, without eatable food present. Then I would be only me to drag any food home. No temptation, no cravings, no weight issue. Well maybe. 

In the weight loss cycle (lose, gain, repeat), the meals are small, far apart,and hunger is a constant companion. It is easier to deal with then the cravings. The meals are low reward, consistent, boring. That is how it must be for me to lose weight. Short cycles may be the answer to weight stability.  

Wednesday, October 26, 2011

Waste to Hip ratio

The waste to hip ration provides a good fat/ok evaluation. For men waste/hip should be < 0.95, and for the ladies <0.8 or perhaps <0.75 for the shapely, or <0.9 for the straights. At those levels, the size of the love handles will be apparent.

Dopamine

Dopamine is the feel good chemical that we crave. If we have available receptors, and the receptors are not blocked, any stimulus will do. We are simple addicted to stimulus. It does not matter what that stimulus is. Sound, TV, work, people, music, food, drugs; the effect is the same; stimulation. Some of the stimulus, also have unwanted effects... food, drugs, alcohol, in addition to stimulus. We just want the stimulus.

So why are we addicted to the stimulus? Well it produces dopamine. That is just the nature of the human, we want more dopamine. Perhaps that is the problem, we need other method of stimulation, perhaps work, or thinking, writing, to provide ourselves non-caloric stimulation.

Or perhaps, we should just let go of the need for stimulation. Meditation. The ultimate in letting go of stimulation.   What ever the solution is, I do not think using chemicals to increase the dopamine is a solution, long term. We become resistant to the stimulus, and is that not the definition of addiction; chasing a declining effect of a substance. We can move on to a new chemical with greater effect. Cleaner effect. But that is just changing our addiction to a different drug. We need to get back to getting high on just life.

For weight control, we could fast for stimulus.

Perhaps we should just look at all this as addicted to stimulation.

Tuesday, October 25, 2011

The percription

http://thatpaleoguy.com/2011/10/25/saturated-fat-carbohydrates-and-cardiovascular-disease-clever-dutchies

concludes


Dietary [saturated fats] belong to the many false triggers of inflammation that result from the conflict between our slowly adapting genome and our rapidly changing lifestyle, but among these many factors they are not the most important. A reduction in the consumption of [carbohydrate] with a high glycaemic index, trans-fatty acids and linoleic acid, and an increased consumption of fish, vegetables and fruit, and a reduction of inactivity, sleep deprivation and chronic stress seem more realistic approaches to fight the current pandemic of cardiovascular disease resulting from chronic systemic low-grade inflammation.


ELCMM once again

Monday, October 24, 2011

Insulin resistance


Dr, Su at http://www.carbohydratescankill.com/2863/carbohydrate-addiction describes it like this:


I think of it as carbohydrates produce insulin resistance, (high insulin) which also blocks leptin signalling, locks fat into the fat cells, sweeps the blood of energy, and leaves me craving. Keep insulin down is the solution. to do that, I cannot eat carbohydrates.

Saturday, October 22, 2011

Sharma

Dr Sharma knows a great deal about the treatment of obesity, but when it comes to recover and a cure, perhaps, he is weak in a couple of areas outside of the medical field.  His post here raised the points I will cover.

http://www.drsharma.ca/clinical-assessment-nutritional-status.html

• Inadequate protein intake can reduce satiety and promote the loss of lean body mass.
Right. We need 1.2 gm/kg of lean body mass/day. That is all. Satiety is a concept that does not apply to the obese and ex-obese. If we felt it, we would not be obese. We need to stop eating long before satiety, as soon as we are able to stop eating.
• Inadequate intake of complex carbohydrates can lead to B-vitamin deficiencies.
Hold on here. We can live quite well without sugar and grains, especially wheat. Wheat, ground whole wheat has a greater GI & GL that sugar, and all the vitimins are added chemicals. Modern processing, mineral depleted lands, and fertilizer has produced barren carbohydrates. Just take the chemicals and forget the carbohydrates. Add a bit if psyllium and manganese if necessary,  Many "complex carbohydrates" contain nothing but glucose strings. Or just ban the term  "complex carbohydrates" and replace it with whole vegetables. If you eat vegetables, there is little danger of being short on the Bs. If in doubt, take a heavy daily vitamin - mineral mix, a have a nice day.
• Inadequate intake of fruits and vegetables can lead to deficiencies in folic acid, magnesium and other minerals. 
right but cross out the fruits. Modern fruit is mainly carbohydrates; an occasional taste is ok. OH, by the way, folic acid is a B vitamin found in spinach, chard, turnip greens, liver, and in most green vegetables. Not so much in any normal factory farm fruit. 
• Inadequate intake of dairy products, together with decreased exposure to sunlight, can result in clinically significant calcium and vitamin D deficiencies, resulting in secondary hyperparathyroidism and loss of bone mineral mass.
Processed dairy has no natural vitamin D remaining after processing, and most of the minerals are bonded to the lactose after processing. This statement is true for raw milk, but not so true for processed milk. Take vitamin D, as it is added anyway, skip the lactose, and take calcium & magnesium. Vitamin D is found in rose hips and pine needles. Pine Tea anyone? Rose hips were pounded into late fall pemmican. Vitamin D and fiber, more and fat vector.
• Avoidance of red meat can result in iron deficiencies in women.
• Nutritional deficiencies are particularly common in people adhering to fad diets, individuals from lower-income strata, and following bariatric surgery.
Sub-clinical mineral and vitamin symptoms are just so common it is scarring.  Take a daily multiple vitamin. The vegetable are fertilized to such a point that most are mineral and vitamin depleted, as are the soils they are grown in. I suffer from magnesium, potassium, Vitamin D and vitamin C shortages before I started down the path of recovery. I ate a SAD diet before. Many of the fad diets are better, but the base problem is carbohydrates stimulate insulin, which leads to intermittent or full time insulin resistance, hunger, cravings, and weight gain. We go into a "feast mode" and famine seldom comes.  Cut the problem at the first, severely limit those problem carbohydrates, sugar, grains, and the problem amplifier, omega 6 oils.

Friday, October 21, 2011

Insulin Resistance

When the glycogen level in the muscle cells is full, the cells become insulin resistant, that is a higher insulin level is required to push glucose in to the cell. OK. So, too much glucose results in high insulin. The cell is repleted of glucose, plain full.

So exercise, vigorous or strenuous burns up glucose and glycogen, and the cell will accept glucose again at lower insulin level. The cell is partly depleted of glucose. Gentle exercise tents to burn more fat.


Now remember the fat cell, with a input hormone and an output hormone, both keying off the absolute insulin level. The input is turned on by high insulin, putting fat into fat cells, as well as glucose. The output requires the insulin level to be low to release FFA (free fatty acid) for energy. So if we are insulin resistant, we never get to have low insulin enough to release FFA. We conserve fat, not a good thing for weight loss.

The insulin also keeps the blood triglycerides in the chylomicrons, and we get that craving for food.  There is a relationship between insulin and chylomicrons. Insulin resistance results in to much insulin, and FFA is trapped in chylomicrons and fat cells.

So, with glucose full and no FFA, we get hunger unless we do something to cause the glucose to be burned and release FFA and A co A for the mitochondria, so they are calling feed me, feed me, and we get a severe food craving, not hunger.

So snacks need to be pure fat, and a vector,not carbohydrates. That allows the craving to be resolved without raising the insulin level.

New Lifestyle Concept.

A new lifestyle or lifestyle choice is an non-diet thinking of a concept. We change our eating pattern for good reason, and will be happy at what ever out weight settles at.

The first lifestyle choice should be to ban sugar in all forms as these carry no nutrients, only carbohydrates in modified forms, that are not helpful to vigor. Sugars contribute to disease and weight. Along with those the sugar substitutes in all forms should go. Those keep alive the taste for sugar. When carrots and parsnips become sweet, we may have lost the desire for sugar. For more information on sugar, try Dr. Lustig, Yudkin, or Sugar Shock.

Sugars drive insulin up, which locks fat into the fat cells, and cause hunger as the blood glucose begins to decline faster than the insulin effects are reversed, resulting in excess insulin. Insulin second job is to help glucose into the muscle cells. As long as insulin is high, the fat cannot come out of the fat cells to feed other cells, hence we develop the craving that says feed me, feed me.  

Enters, stage left, insulin resistance. Insulin is always high, hunger is omnipresent. Wella, obesity.

The next food to give up entirely should be wheat.  See Wheat Belly. The effect is the same as sugar. High insulin.

Saturated manufactured fats should be avoided as these trans-fats contribute to heart failure. Omega 6 oils are often the base of these, and there is an excess of omega 6 oils in our foods, hence avoiding all omega 6 oils will be helpful. Omega 6 does not cause insulin to be output, just increases the amount of insulin outputted, contributing to hyperinsulinemia, leading to obesity.

Why does the government not publish these facts? It would cause a great deal of liability and food shortages short term, and hurt the agricultural economy.